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A Mandatory step of Public Transport Safety in India


Transportation is one of the fastest-growing economic resources of India. From which public transport is most used. But it is said for a long time, no security measures were taken for the public safety.

We have heard of many severe incidents in these fleet like theft, sexual harassment and damage to fleet property. Many of which could have been prevented with proper assistance and on time action. So, Security is an important factor for our country.

Government had been trying hard to find a solution for public safety. And finally came up with the solution of AIS 140.

Let’s understand AIS 140 and its Importance.

AIS 140 path to safety

AIS 140 is an acronym for Automotive Industry Standard 140. It is a method to revolutionize and innovate the public transportation system in India.

Due to the increase in traffic on the roads, the Indian government has taken the initiative to secure public transportation with AIS 140 GPS. It is standardized by ARAI (Automatic Research Association of India).

It is now compulsory for all public transport systems namely buses and taxis as declared by the government.

It is designed for vehicle tracking systems, camera surveillance systems, and emergency request buttons. This is useful for public and commercial users both.

This is a security aspect that ensures the safety of the vehicle and its travelers.

Arrival of AIS 140

We are all aware of the Nirbhaya case of Delhi in December 2012, which made a devastating effect on everybody’s minds. After this incident, the government formed a committee headed by Justice Verma to find a solution for the woman’s safety in public transport. The government came up with the Nirbhaya fund for women’s security.

Government-approved CCTV installation project along with the panic button and live tracking devices in January 2014. Then MoRTH (Ministry of Road Transport and Highway) suggested setting up a Vehicle Tracking and national-level vehicle security system for the woman’s safety

BIS with ICAT and DIMITS drafted a standard with a formal AIS committee. In May 2017 the draft was completed and made mandatory for all vehicles and 1st April 2018 was the date up-till which every public transport had to have AIS 140.

And thus began the journey of AIS 140.

Requirement of AIS 140 Devices

Here we will see a few AIS 140 parameters and requirements, you should look for while buying it. 

  • Should support 4 digital, 2 analog and 1 serial communication for any emergency contact 
  • Needs to be dust, temperature, and vibration resistant. 
  • Must provide an emergency button that is accessible to all passengers seated in the vehicle.
  • Must be able to receive aerial signals.

Features of AIS 140 Certification

  • Real-time tracking: automatic vehicle location system enables to locate every trip movement of the fleet. 
  • System disabling alert: Know when someone tries to disable or tamper with the system.
  • Route Management and Transport Scheduling: Efficiently manages routes and schedules fleet.
  • SOS alerts: Gets driver emergency help with one click.
  • History Report: Systematic history data analysis based on annually, monthly or weekly. 
  • Battery backup: Inbuilt long-lasting battery backup
  • Multiple Analog and Digital I/O: GPS system monitoring and controlling external applications via inputs and outputs.


  • Ensure Public Safety: GPS tracking and panic buttons take care of passengers and send help whenever required.
  • Monitor driving Behaviour: Check drink and drive, overspeeding, ash driving, excessive idling, and more to control driving behavior.
  • Improve Fleet performance: Ensures fleet maintenance, fuel usage, engine performance, etc, which working of the fleet.
  • Better public transport: Helps people know traffic updates. It helps to choose the best route, prevents traffic violations, and ensures that vehicles run on time.
  • Fleet health Adviser: Efficiently checks fleet health and predicts the chances of issues to come in the future.


  • Lack of resources for manufacturing the right technology
  • Rejection of Transporter hubs due to other GPS tracking devices 
  • Expensive infrastructure and setup is not available with the Indian government
  • Small industries cannot afford to buy it and bring loss to this industry.


The journey of AIS-140 does not end here, new features like ADAS are yet to come so never stop exploring through this wonderful system. Be safe on road and keep tracking.